Ketamine is a noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist that blocks glutamate. It has a direct action on the cortex and limbic system. It produces a cataleptic-like state wherein the patient is withdrawn from the surrounding environment.
The maintenance dose should be adjusted according to the patient’s anesthetic needs and whether an additional anesthetic is employed. Increments of one-half to the full induction dose may be repeated as needed for the maintenance of anesthesia.
As an anesthetic agent for diagnostic and surgical procedures. Ketalar is best suited for short procedures when used by intravenous or intramuscular injection. With additional doses, or by intravenous infusion, Ketalar can be used for longer procedures. If skeletal muscle relaxation is desired, a muscle relaxant should be used and respiration should be supported.
Ketalar has been safely used alone when the stomach was not empty. However, since the need for supplemental agents and muscle relaxants cannot be predicted, when preparing for elective surgery nothing should be given by mouth for at least six hours before anesthesia.
Ketalar 50mg/ml Injection is a general anesthetic. It is used in major surgical procedures. It allows the procedures to be carried out without pain and distress. This injection is used in a hospital setting only.
Ketalar 50mg/ml Injection causes loss of consciousness which is reversible. It is administered by a doctor or a nurse in a hospital or clinal setting. You should not self-administer this medicine at home.
The most common side effects include rash, nausea, or vomiting. Inform your doctor if you are pregnant are suffering from severe heart disease or had a stroke recently or suffered a serious head or brain injury. It is safe to use in breastfeeding mothers.
SIDE EFFECTS OF KETALAR INJECTION
Most side effects do not require any medical attention and disappear as your body adjusts to the medicine. Consult your doctor if they persist or if you’re worried about them
Common side effects of Ketalar
Erythema (skin redness)
Increased respiratory rate
High blood pressure
Nystagmus (involuntary eye movement)
Muscle coordination impaired